23 ans après le génocide au Rwanda, le visage du Kigali a radicalement changé. Depuis 10 ans, la croissance affiche une moyenne de 7% par an, une des plus rapides d’Afrique. Par Euronews

In the days since six Burundian students slipped away from a robotics competition in Washington, D.C. — with at least two of them making their way across the border to Canada — many have questioned what propelled the teenagers to avoid returning home. 

Justine Nkurunziza, left, and Tabitha Mukamusoni fled violence in Burundi and sought asylum in Canada.

Yet, Justine Nkurunziza is not among those who are wondering.“All those who dare to speak the truth, they are targeted,” Ms. Nkurunziza said of her homeland. Credit Dave Chan for The New York Times

Like the teenagers and hundreds of other Burundians, Ms. Nkurunziza, 57, followed a well-trod path north last year into Canada, the final stop in a desperate journey to escape the violence that is racking their tiny central African nation.
“They are saved,” said Ms. Nkurunziza, the president of an election monitoring organization in Burundi, who says she was marked for assassination by government security forces. “Those young people took the opportunity to flee from the killings, just like I did.”
Since 2015, around 300,000 people have fled Burundi amid the unrest that followed a decision by the country’s president, Pierre Nkurunziza, to seek a third term in violation of constitutional term limits. (Ms. Nkurunziza is not related to the president.) Despite protests, a failed coup attempt and an election boycott by opposition parties, Mr. Nkurunziza emerged victorious in a vote that Western observers roundly criticized as rigged.
Over the past two years, the United Nations has documented hundreds of summary executions, assassinations, torture and other crimes. The Burundian government has denied the findings, and responded by becoming the first country to withdraw from the International Criminal Court, The Hague-based tribunal responsible for trying crimes against humanity.
Thousands have fled to refugee camps in Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, where they face reprisals from marauding Burundian militias that have carried out targeted killings, human rights groups and refugees say.
Burundians in 2015 aboard a boat taking them to Tanzania. In refugee camps there, they face reprisals from Burundian militias. Credit Jerome Delay/Associated Press
The disappearance of the Burundian teenagers, including two who the Metropolitan Police Department on Tuesday confirmed had been found safe in Canada, thrust a simmering African crisis into the international spotlight and underscored Canada’s reception to those seeking refuge from war and political violence.
As the administration of President Trump is seeking to stanch the flow of refugees into the United States, Canada has taken the opposite approach. In May, the Canadian government designated refugee claims from Burundi, along with those from Afghanistan, Egypt and Yemen, as eligible for expedited processing, allowing the authorities to accept the claims without a hearing. The expedited-processing policy, put in place in 2015, also applies to refugees from Syria, Iraq and Eritrea.
Canada’s tightknit Burundian community of roughly 10,000 has welcomed the stream of new arrivals since the crisis erupted. Over the past two years, Canada’s Refugee Protection Division has approved claims from 690 Burundians, according to government figures. More than 2,000 Burundian refugees have arrived in the United States in the past two and a half years, according to the State Department.
Benjamin Manirakiza, first counselor in the Burundian Embassy in Washington, denied that the government was targeting opponents, and said the teenagers were probably seeking a better life in North America.
“Burundi went through troubles, and security now is not perfect,” he said. “Maybe they are seeking more opportunities.”
Officials at the Burundian Embassy in Ottawa did not respond to interview requests.
Ms. Nkurunziza, who led the Civil Society Coalition for Election Monitoring, was a prominent witness to the violent collapse of her nation’s fragile democracy, and she said it was her outspoken criticism of the president’s decision to seek a third term that had thrust her into the government’s cross hairs.
During a trip Ms. Nkurunziza made in May 2015 to the Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam to lobby the United Nations and the African Union, a failed coup in Burundi prompted the president to close the borders and label civil society groups as enemies of the republic. Ms. Nkurunziza fled with her small suitcase to Rwanda, as did her family, she said.
President Pierre Nkurunziza in 2015, the year he won re-election in a vote that Western observers said was rigged. Credit Tyler Hicks/The New York Times
“All the main civil society leaders, all the intellectuals, all those who dare to speak the truth, they are targeted,” she said. “They are killed.”
Fearful of possible genocide in Burundi, human rights groups were urging the United Nations to send in a civilian protection force, and Ms. Nkurunziza was scheduled to help make the case in New York last summer. While awaiting an American visa, however, she claimed her life was threatened.
Upon landing in New York, she traveled to the home of relatives in Portland, Me., and then stayed for three weeks in a shelter in Buffalo before crossing the border at Niagara, Ontario.
Asked why she had sought asylum in Canada and not the United States, she paused and took a deep breath. “I wasn’t feeling secure in the U.S. because everyone can have a gun,” she said, recalling the sound of gunshots that traumatized her in Burundi.
Most of the Burundians in Canada came in the 1990s, fleeing ethnic massacres between Hutus and Tutsis that spilled over from the genocide in Rwanda. These days, many of the refugees who make it to Canada are young people who were involved in the protests that swept Bujumbura, the Burundian capital, in 2015.
During an interview on Sunday at a government apartment in Ottawa, two of those protesters, both 21, described the climate of terror that had prompted them to flee their homeland. They insisted on not being identified, saying they feared for the safety of family members left behind.
In hushed voices, they recounted carrying anti-government banners amid throngs of young protesters and escaping after the coup attempt and the brutal government crackdown that drove scores of youths into hiding to avoid militias and neighborhood informants.
A Burundian in Ottawa. He fled the country after being involved in the 2015 protests. Credit Dave Chan for The New York Times
One of the men got an American visa to attend college in the United States, but said he had no intention of attending. After arriving in New York, he took a Greyhound bus to Plattsburgh, N.Y., and then a taxi to the border.
From there he crossed into Canada, where he told Canadian immigration officials that he was a refugee and that he had an aunt in Ottawa. In the fall, he plans to enroll at the University of Ottawa to study computer engineering.
Even as scores of journalists were fleeing Burundi in 2015, Tabitha Mukamusoni, 33, a stringer for Voice of America, stayed behind to cover the mounting violence, despite repeated threats from the militias, she said.
But after she reported on the shooting deaths of a Burundian journalist and his wife and two children by the police that October, a phone call from a police official spurred her to escape. “He said, ‘You’ve signed your death warrant,’” she said in an interview on Sunday. “I knew if I don’t leave, they’ll kill me.”
Ms. Mukamusoni fled with her son to Rwanda, followed the next day by her husband and daughter; she lived there for a year, covering the refugee crisis before going to Uganda to report on activists who had been attacked by Burundian militias. Invited to speak at a conference in Canada and fearing for her life, she flew to Montreal in October 2016 and claimed asylum. Today she lives in a house in Ottawa with other female refugees.
But separated from her husband and two young children, who remain in Rwanda, she finds that every day is a struggle.
“Without my family I live here hopeless,” she said, wiping away tears. “I’m safe, but it’s not easy.”

Le gouvernement rwandais évalue actuellement le potentiel de toutes les villes secondaires en vue d’y transférer certains départements et services publiques, ont rapporté lundi les journaux locaux. Par APA-Kigali

Le gouvernement rwandais a témoigné une énorme croissance des secteurs social et économique au cours des sept dernières années, a déclaré Anastase Shyaka à Xinhua .

The success story of Rwanda after coming out from genocide of 1994 to become one of the most s tabled and developing distinguished country in Africa. By Muawad M.Rashid and Neimat al Naiem 

(Neimat al Naiem - Photo: Alsir Mukhtar) –

In the context of its relations with the Diplomatic missions and organizations working in Sudan, Managing –Editor Muawad Mustafa Rashid and Neimat al Naiem senior reporter has paid a visit to his Excellency Shyaka Kajugiro Ismail Charge d’affaires of Rwanda to shed light on the success story of Rwanda after coming out from genocide of 1994 to become one of the most stabled and developing distinguished country in Africa, and in the context of its celebrations with the 23rd years of liberation . Rwanda that beautiful country, the land of a thousand hills situated in the East Africa with its tourist sites and natural resources. 
The Rwandan Charge d’affaires Shyaka who had been working in Sudan for last four years representing his country as Charge d’affaires briefed in a full text of an interview his impression about Sudan and the Sudanese people and the bilateral relations between the two countries.
Q: Your Excellency Shyaka, we congratulate you with the 23rd anniversary of liberation of Rwanda?
A: You are welcome at Rwanda Diplomatic Mission in Sudan; it is an opportunity to meet you, thank you for coming and conducting this interview, you are most welcome.
Q: Rwanda has succeeded a story of becoming one of the most stabled and developed country in Africa, it is our great pleasure to stand on this story, would you please brief us the success story of Rwanda after coming out from genocide of 1994 against Tutsi ?
A: Ya, thank you very much, especially to cover the 23rd anniversary of liberation. The story of success is along story to tell in just hours. You can imagine the long time, that dark history, the question itself is wide and very important, the history of genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda did not only take lives in Rwanda , it destroyed the whole system in Rwanda ,the infrastructures , everything was destroyed, so if you ask me the success from there , it could be a very long story .
What I can easily mention at first, is bringing back Life, after 1994 there was no life in our country, there was no stability and security everyone was afraid of his or her life. Now the whole country is witnessing the atmosphere of stability, particularly foreigners who live in Rwanda, tourists and Businessmen can be the best aye witnesses. Today people can move everywhere for the 24 hours freely and safe, themselves and their properties. That is something very important to say because security is the base of every development. So the country has invested much effort in making safe and secure environment for Rwandans and the visitors. Now I can say Rwanda is a living place.
Genocide was something rigid and horrible, how could you see your relatives killed?! You cannot move around. But with this degree of security and stability measures put in place, now people are free to move wherever they want. People who were involved in genocide and the victims and survivors of genocide now live in the same villages and do business together. 
Q: Who is behind that success?
A: I can just say that the visionary and committed leadership, which is strong enough to meet targets and goals, it has decided to be accountable to the citizens eager to make difference, economic development being in the centre. The leadership has put a vision 2020 as a milestone to measure the pace we accelerate in meeting our strategic plans and action plans in a given time frame. 
Second I can also say that Rwandan they are behind this success, because they have decided to take part in every step from the grass root levels to the decisions making platforms. Unlike the past regimes People during that time were scattered, discriminated and their role not recognized in the leadership system. Some were left as refugees out of the country for many years and those who remained inside the country had no opportunities put in place for citizens and the few opportunities found would be served on selective basis. 
Q: According to the Index of transparency which brought international – The Global Anti-Corruption Coalition –Rwanda is ranked 54 out of 167 states, would tell us the mechanism which brought Rwanda on top some European countries in this regard?
A: Rwanda government is ranked high strategy in combating corruption due to its putting in place some mechanisms for checks and balances. For an example:
- Accountability and Transparency in services: The government has been made everything clear to everybody the person who is asking service know the requirements and those people in office knows that people who come to them for services know the requirements. So this helps getting rid of abuse of office and abuse of powers. It has turned to be a culture emphasized by the leadership, where rights to service are well known by everybody and claimable once not served appropriately. Every person has the mentality to fight the corruption and people have been sensitized to ask their rights and even standing in their defense through prosecuting the one who deny giving the serves on unknown reasons.
- Zero tolerance to Corruption crimes: No body whoever is exempted from being questioned against the crime of corruption laws are strict to fight corruption by both sides from the giving party to the receiving party are equally condemned, investigated and prosecuted.
-* Establishment of Ombudsman Office: The government of Rwanda has established the office of Ombudsman in charge of fighting corruption, public finance embezzlement so there has put policies that enforce rule of law.
- Property Declaration: every leader elected or appointed to serve in a public office has to declare his / her property before entering office. This has helped people to get rid of corruption and point out any incitements to corruption.
Q: Would you please shed light on the educational system in Rwanda considering that your country is one of the three best worldwide in the low drop-out of schools? 
A: Ya, After the 1994 genocide, the education sector, as well as other sectors of national life, passed through an emergency situation during which the main objective was to reshape and try to restart the education system which had broken down.
NOW we have educational system for all people without discrimination, actually this was one of the factors among others that created reasons of taking arms to liberate the country from all forms of discrimination, hatred and ethnicity. Because prior genocide education was commissioned to some people selectively on basis of ethnic, region and religion. The government has provided policies that have created environment for everybody, following the successful implementation of the Nine Year Basic Education the Government of Rwanda put in place the twelve years basic education (12YBE) programme. 
So these twelve years of education are compulsory, every Rwandan has the right to attend twelve year education, and it is free to everyone and it is compulsory that everyone has to complete this section of education, parents themselves have obligatory responsibility to take their children to school, and their neighbor have responsibility to remind them to do so. 
Q: Rwanda as we know is a member in some regional and intentional organizations, your comment? 
A: It is not easy to recall all of them, but for example, EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (EAC) which is composed of the six states including Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and recently S.Sudan joined.
Also Rwanda has signed tripartite agreement with Northern corridor states i.e. Uganda Kenya and Rwanda where heads of state moved the policy of free movement of their citizens crossing to another country with just National Identity and free entry visa for the benefit of the citizens.
Q: as we know Tourism is the main industry in Rwanda, What are the main industries and investments in Rwanda?
A: Ya, you are right, Tourism has earned much to our revenues, but of course we have good and quality Coffee and Tea on the world market standard , we have some few minerals and the best opportunities. We are now focusing on Made in Rwanda industry. We are emphasizing on establishment of simple like the computer devices assembling industry. 
Q: Your Excellency Shyaka, how long you have been here in Sudan?
A: Almost, I have been here in Sudan for last four years.
Q: How could find Sudan, your impression when you came first, the image about Sudan?
A: Ya, my impression about Sudan and Sudanese people. I can just answer you from what I have actually seen in Sudan, It is the desert you can imagine walking in the desert, and then you find people who don’t know you and even not interested in knowing your business, don’t want to know where you come from, but just receives you with some cold water to drink and dates. This simply shows hospitality of Sudanese people and also shows that they are generous and friendly, they don’t know who you are, and they don’t want to know where you come from? This is something that has touched me in Sudan. 
But I can give another example though very close to this, Sudan government has also been having its own problems and misunderstandings with oppositions, but I remember in 2014 when His Excellence President Bashir of Sudan initiated the National Dialogue, and called all the opposition parties those in government, registered and non registered even people who lift arms to fight the existing government he called come to Khartoum take part in the national dialogue conference and they were protected. This initiative of calling people to discuss national issues and the future of the country shows that people of Sudan are not enemies, they can agree the outcome of Dialogue or disagree even they can agree to disagree to each other, but the meeting on the same table for dialogue simply I can see Sudanese are friendly but they are not enemies to each other. 
Q: Are there any trade transactions or commercial relations between Sudan and Rwanda?
A: We have good bilateral relations with Sudan especially political and Sudanese are travelling to Rwanda we have there Sudanese owning their businesses others managing NGOs also Rwandans are making visits here but so far no specific businesses Rwandans have here, but to my view the doors are open. 
Q: We are now starting to promote for developing tourism in Sudan, how could benefit from Rwanda?
A: That is all right, yes, it is part of what we are doing , we are letting our people know that they can live here and we are making people aware that Sudan is safe , since I arrived here I have no body guard it is something to be communicated and let people know about it. 
Sudanese are welcome to Rwanda to learn a lot on tourism industry as we also learning many things from Sudan.
Q: Kigali, the capital was chosen as the most beautiful city in Africa by the UN in 2015, what is the secret?
A: Ya, The secret is vision, we have visionary leadership. Since 1994 till 2020, we had a vision of how Kigali would be viewed and seen. We had that vision called 2020 vision that is why I say it was the visionary leadership of the current President His Excellency Paul Kagame. And it is not improving the capital Kigali alone but also the wellbeing of the people. So the city of Kigali has been good because of the Infrastructure and good building but making the city clean is by also changing the mindset of the people, no person can just throw garbage on the street. No person can throw any garbage in the streets, there are dustbins put in place after every 50 meters to throw the rubbish in them. It is the culture of how to be clean and to keep the city clean. We have abolished plastic bags. We make the people smart themselves, and then the city becomes smartest and secret as I told you is the visionary leadership. 
Q: How could Rwanda facilitate investment procedures to encourage forego investors?
A: In Rwanda, they are laws in place from the constitution and there are laws protecting the investors and supporting them. For example like registering a business which I heard in other countries would take weeks and months but in Rwanda it just few hours to complete the investment procedures to register a new business. There is a one stop Centre everything is done there. So the legislation framework, the registration facilities, the closing of businesses, closure of requirements and other facilities such as working permits, settlement of disputes, transfer of funds, social economic zone facilitations a lot of things there favors investors, so it is the best place now to invest. The environment is conducive considering low crimes, considering corruption being zero tolerance, considering hospitality of the people.
Q: What specific massage you would like to give?
A: I think no specific it is general; just we want people to know about Rwanda, Rwanda is viewed especially on the foreign media tools as a place of genocide as a place of fighting, so we need people to know though this is our history we don’t want to be identified by that. There a lot of opportunities there, we have a good relation with other countries that is what we want people to know in general. 
Thank you very much for coming to our office and conducting this interview and we thank you for covering our event and you are most welcome.

On July 26, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Republic of Rwanda in Kigali for the ICT Innovation Ecosystem Strengthening Project, a technical cooperation project. Press release

How this British newspaper ignores Rwanda’s context in its neocolonial desire to define that country. According to cc, a United Kingdom-based highly opinionated newsmagazine, President Paul runs a tight autocratic political system in Rwanda.  By Andrew Mwenda 

On July 26, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Republic of Rwanda in Kigali for the ICT Innovation Ecosystem Strengthening Project, a technical cooperation project. Press release